Tsarin tsari da haɓaka haɓaka samfuran kyamara

Kamaraan yi amfani da su sosai a cikin kayayyakin lantarki daban-daban, musamman saurin bunkasuwar masana’antu kamar wayar hannu da kwamfutar hannu, wanda ya haifar da saurin bunkasuwar masana’antar kamara.A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, na'urorin kamara da ake amfani da su don samun hotuna sun zama mafi yawan amfani da su a cikin kayan lantarki na sirri, motoci, likita, da dai sauransu, misali, na'urorin kamara sun zama ma'auni na na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukar hoto kamar wayoyi masu mahimmanci da kwamfutar hannu.Ɗaya daga cikin kayan haɗi.Na'urorin kamara da aka yi amfani da su a cikin na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukuwa ba za su iya ɗaukar hotuna kawai ba, har ma suna taimakawa na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukuwa gane kiran bidiyo nan take da sauran ayyuka.Tare da haɓakar haɓakar na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukar hoto suna zama mafi ƙaranci da haske kuma masu amfani suna da buƙatu mafi girma da girma don ingancin hoto na samfuran kyamara, ƙarin buƙatu masu ƙarfi ana sa gaba akan girman ƙirar kyamarar gabaɗaya da damar hoto na ƙirar kyamara.A wasu kalmomi, haɓakar haɓakar na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukuwa suna buƙatar ƙirar kyamara don ƙara haɓakawa da ƙarfafa damar hoto bisa rage girman girman.
Ta fuskar tsarin kyamarar wayar salula, manyan sassa biyar su ne: Sensor Sensor hoto (wanda ke canza siginar haske zuwa siginar lantarki), Lens, injin muryoyin murya, na'urar kyamara da tace infrared.Ana iya raba sarkar masana'antar kyamara zuwa sassa da yawa: ruwan tabarau, injin murɗa murya, tace infrared, firikwensin CMOS, na'urar sarrafa hoto da marufi.Ƙofar fasahar masana'antu yana da girma kuma masana'antun masana'antu suna da girma.Tsarin kamara ya ƙunshi:

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1. Kwamitin kewayawa tare da kewayawa da kayan lantarki;

2. Jikin kunshin da ke kunshe da kayan lantarki, kuma an saita rami a cikin kunshin;

3. Ana haɗa guntu mai ɗaukar hoto ta hanyar lantarki zuwa kewaye, gefen gefen guntu mai ɗaukar hoto an nannade shi da kunshin, kuma an sanya tsakiyar ɓangaren guntu mai ɗaukar hoto a cikin rami;

4. An haɗa ruwan tabarau a tsaye zuwa saman saman jikin kunshin;

5. Fitar tana da alaƙa kai tsaye tare da ruwan tabarau, kuma an shirya shi sama da rami kuma kai tsaye akasin guntu mai ɗaukar hoto.

(1) CMOS firikwensin hoto: Samar da na'urori masu auna hoto yana buƙatar fasaha mai rikitarwa da fasahar sarrafawa.Kamfanin Sony (Japan), Samsung (Koriya ta Kudu) da Howe Technology (Amurka) sun mamaye kasuwar, tare da kaso sama da 60%.

(2) Lens na wayar hannu: Lens wani yanki ne na gani da ke samar da hoto, yawanci yana kunshe da lenses da yawa, ana amfani da su don tsara hoto akan fim ko allo.An raba ruwan tabarau zuwa ruwan tabarau na gilashi da ruwan tabarau na guduro.Idan aka kwatanta da ruwan tabarau na guduro, ruwan tabarau na gilashi suna da babban maƙasudin refractive (mai bakin ciki a tsayi iri ɗaya) da babban watsa haske.Bugu da ƙari, samar da ruwan tabarau na gilashi yana da wuyar gaske, yawan amfanin ƙasa yana da ƙasa, kuma farashin yana da yawa.Sabili da haka, ana amfani da ruwan tabarau na gilashin don kayan aikin hoto masu tsayi, kuma ana amfani da ruwan tabarau na resin don ƙananan kayan aikin hoto.

(3) Muryar Coil Motor (VCM): Motar Coil Motar (Voice Coil Motor) na'urar lantarki nau'in mota ce.Kyamarorin wayar hannu suna amfani da VCM ko'ina don cimma aikin mai da hankali kai tsaye, ta inda za'a iya daidaita matsayin ruwan tabarau don gabatar da cikakkun hotuna.

(4) Tsarin kamara: Fasahar tattara kayan CSP ta zama al'ada

Kamar yadda kasuwa ke buƙatar ƙarin sirara da ƙananan wayoyin hannu, mahimmancinkamaratsarin marufi na module ya zama sananne sosai.A halin yanzu, babban tsarin marufi na ƙirar kyamara ya haɗa da COB da CSP.A halin yanzu, samfuran da ke da ƙananan pixels galibi ana tattara su a cikin CSP, kuma samfuran da ke da manyan pixels sama da 5M ana tattara su a cikin COB.Tare da ci gaba da ci gaba da fasaha na marufi na CSP, fasahar marufi ta CSP sannu a hankali tana shiga cikin kasuwa na 5M da kuma sama da manyan kayayyaki, kuma fasahar marufi na CSP na iya zama babban jigon fasahar marufi a nan gaba.Ƙaddamar da wayar hannu da aikace-aikacen mota, kasuwar ƙirar ta karu kowace shekara a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.

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Lokacin aikawa: Oktoba 26-2020